Children from poor homes also do not get scope for education as they have to supplement the earning of their parents. No such consistency prevailed in high-delinquency areas.
British and American Investigations reveal that nearly 50 per cent of the delinquents come from broken homes. Communication gap with one or both parents leads to the failure to learn appropriate social values.
All these agents of socialization play important role in the process of socialization of the growing child. The rehabilitation programmes are not enough keeping in view the rapid growth of Juvenile delinquency in the entire world.
Mostly, sociological theories assert that certain negative aspects of neighborhoods and society in general serve as structural inducements for young people to resort to juvenile delinquency. Some of these children of the slum areas invade the industrial belts nearby for some occasional job and are sometimes thrown out because of their inefficiency.
Unfortunately, involvement does not have as much impact on preventing delinquency as other components of the bond to society.
Stott is of opinion that security, affection, love and proper attention from the parents are basically required for the proper growth of personality of the child. In a gang or a restricted group the influence of social norm is there, sense of responsibility is divided and a boy feels that cinema and various electronic medias, like TV, Video films of violent and sexual nature lead children to delinquency by being helped through various techniques of delinquency shown in the screen.
However, he did influence criminologists, who took his ideas and applied them to the study of crime. They should not be considered as abnormal human beings. The process of socialization puts a strong stamp mark on the behaviour of an individual in the society.
In his case neither realistic considerations, nor moral considerations operate to check his impulsive actions. Hence to avoid this social evil one has to tackle the complex problem of delinquency from the social psychological and to familial angles.
For example, they may steal a very little money actually they do not need or they may steal a scooter, a car or snatch a golden chain without any need or necessity. However because not all members of society are in the same economic or social status, not everyone can achieve these goals in their life.
Mostly, sociological theories assert that certain negative aspects of neighborhoods and society in general serve as structural inducements for young people to resort to juvenile delinquency.
Penalties must be based on the social damage caused by the crime. Such people are really at the mercy of their uncontrolled, uninhibited impulses.
Large amount of money are being spent in Western countries to rehabilitate the delinquents through various remedial measures. Most delinquents also come from the areas where cinema houses and hotels are located.The theory of crime implicit in the concept of social disorganization is a variety of social control theory.
In the absence of the usual social restraints imposed by jobs, families, schools, churches, and neighborhoods, delinquency flourishes. Sociological theories of juvenile delinquency point to societal factors and social processes that in turn affect human behavior.
Unlike other explanations, sociology explains people’s behavior using characteristics beyond the individual. Crime is the most dangerous kind of “a social pathology” deviating from the norm, deviant behavior.
Therefore, the main backbone elements of crime are personality traits of a potential criminal and the social conditions of life. Biological theory. The first attempts to explain the term “crime” were of a biological character.
III. Major Theories of Juvenile Delinquency. Any idea about the causes, extent, and correlates of juvenile delinquency is essentially a theory, such as equating juvenile delinquency with sin and violating God’s law.
For more than two centuries, academic criminologists have developed a host of theories to explain juvenile delinquency. Theories of Juvenile Delinquency. Print Reference this. Disclaimer: Critical Theories for Juvenile Delinquency. If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have the essay published on the UK Essays website then please click on the link below to request removal.
Theories of Juvenile Delinquency Juvenile delinquency is a threat to society and accordingly, the need to develop an understanding of the deviant behavior is of an utmost importance.Download